Humanity is finally returning to the moon after nearly 50 years since the last Moon landing in 1972. The new trend is put in motion through NASA's Artemis program, aiming to have boots on the moon by 2025. However, unlike the Apollo missions of the 1960s and 70s, NASA now aims to establish a full-fledged Lunar economy. Various private companies were contracted via the CLPS (Commercial Lunar Payload Services) Program to ensure the completion of an immense amount of research concerning the contents, location, and uses of various resources found in the composition of the Lunar regolith. NASA has committed to giving nearly 2.6 billion dollars to private companies through this program until 2028. Such a large investment spurred a significant increase in lunar activity, with dozens of companies planning to send landers, drills, and rovers to the lunar surface. Ararat Robotics aims to join the fleet of startups forging the future lunar economy. Read our white paper to learn more.


Although oxygen ISRU on the lunar surface has been one of the most desired technologies by NASA recently with the dawn of the Artemis missions, the current state-of-the-art (SOA) proposed methods of oxygen extraction such as MRE and Hydrogen Reduction have various limitations. These limitations range from extracting a low percentage of the lunar oxygen or running at high temperatures inefficiently. Through the Hydrogen Fluoride Oxygen Extractor (RAGE) proposal, Team 28 showcases our discovery of a method to mitigate these limitations by using hydrogen fluoride as a vehicle for extracting oxygen out of the Lunar Regolith. Throughout this proposal, the technical aspects of the reactor and the KPPs that were improved upon are discussed, proving RAGE’s technological viability. In addition, it will be discussed how Team 28 will leverage the various talents of the core team and several SME’s[7] to successfully budget the time and money necessary to bring the RAGE reactor to TRL 3.



Ararat I is a cube satellite to be constructed by Ararat Robotics. The purpose of the satellite is to provide a platform for preliminary testing in the Lower Earth Orbit in preparation for future lunar missions. Currently, the team is researching all aspects of satellite construction and mission planning, everything from initial drawings, measurements, simulations, and risks, to timelines, costs, and team management. Tentatively Ararat I is to conduct electrolysis and fuel production missions relaying results to ground control for data processing and future mission improvement. Ararat I is in the very early stages, and the team is on the lookout for capable and passionate members to join the team. Head over to our careers site to become a part of the team and work with us to make this project a reality. To follow up on the status of this project, visit the mission page here.


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